Governmental Project Implementation System (GPIS)
Governments deliver services to their citizens more and more often by projects. Functioning and welfare of citizens and all the societies substantially depends on projects, of which many are delivered by governmental institutions. Governments, including both legislative and executive branches, are authorized to influence the ways of public project implementation, although not all of them use this opportunity. Some governments have central project management offices (e.g. United Kingdom), others maintain governmental registers of public projects (Argentina, Peru), and still others have laws that require continuous improvement of project and program management processes (again, the USA).
Public projects are performed in an organizational environment established by the government. It may cover processes, methodologies, practices, organizations (including auditing offices and public sector Project Management Offices), databases, project managers, project management maturity models, project contractors and other elements in a given administrative unit, all of which define, shape or influence the way public sector projects are implemented. This environment is called Governmental Project Implementation System (GPIS).
Our globally first model of GPIS was constructed upon 2293 practices from over 60 countries, grouped into 38 categories and 9 more general areas.
There are six main areas of public sector projects implementation: governance, portfolio management, organizations supporting project management (like PMO), project management processes, actor management, and stakeholder engagement.
Exemplary practice of governance is the requirement of applying the OGC Gateway ProcessTM describing the ways of making the most important project decisions in major projects. A good example of portfolio management practice is the Argentinian Sistema Nacional de Inversiones Publicas (eng. National System of Public Investments) defining, among others, the ways of submitting proposals for public projects and the process of evaluating them. A good example of governmental organizations supporting project management are Indian NITI Aayog (formerly Planning Commission) and the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation. The highest-level processes for project management are, for instance, the Texas Project Delivery Framework. By “actors” we mean project managers and vendors which deliver projects. In the United States, at the federal level, the Office of Personnel Management defined guidelines for jobs related to project management in the public sector. Registers of public project suppliers are maintained for instance in Australia, Hong Kong, or RSA. Concerning stakeholders, in Western Australia, consultations take place with stakeholders such as indigenous people, sub-contractors, community members, suppliers, consultants, local governments, residents, state agencies and landowners.